TRANSRAZ Data Model

made by pyLODE 2.8.3

Metadata

URI
https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/
Creators
Oleksandra Bruns
Tabea Tietz
Sandra Göller
Harald Sack
Imports
http://purl.org/spar/fabio/2019-02-19
http://www.w3.org/2006/time#2016
http://www.w3.org/ns/oa#
Ontology RDF
RDF (turtle)

Table of Contents

  1. Classes
  2. Object Properties
  3. Datatype Properties
  4. Namespaces
  5. Legend
  6. Modeling Examples

Overview

The TRANSRAZ data model integrates the four buildings blocks agents, architectural objects, events, and historical documents into the TRANSRAZ 3D virtual research environment by means of ontologies. Goal is to explore Nuremberg's multifaceted past in different time layers in the context of its architectural, social, economical, and cultural developments.

Modeling with Instance Examples

Workflow

Classes

Modificationc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E11_Modification
Description

This class comprises instances of E7 Activity that are undertaken to create, alter or change instances of E24 Physical Human-Made Thing. This class includes the production of an item from raw materials and other so far undocumented objects. It also includes the conservation treatment of an object. Since the distinction between modification and production is not always clear, modification is regarded as the more generally applicable concept. This implies that some items may be consumed or destroyed in an instance of E11 Modification, and that others may be produced as a result of it. An event should also be documented using an instance of E81 Transformation if it results in the destruction of one or more objects and the simultaneous production of others using parts or material from the originals. In this case, the new items have separate identities. An activity undertaken on an object which was designed to alter it, but which, in fact, it did not in any seemingly significant way (such as the application of a solvent during conservation which failed to dissolve any part of the object), is still considered as an instance of E11 Modification. Typically, any such activity will leave at least forensic traces of evidence on the object. If the instance of E29 Design or Procedure utilized for the modification prescribes the use of specific materials, they should be documented using property P68 foresees use of (use foreseen by): E57 Material of E29 Design or Procedure, rather than via P126 employed (was employed in): E57 Material.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc
Sub-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E12_Productionc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E80_Part_Removalc
transraz:Relabelingc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E79_Part_Additionc
transraz:Refunctionc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P126_employedop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P31_has_modifiedop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P31i_was_modified_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P126i_was_employed_inop

Productionc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E12_Production
Description

This class comprises activities that are designed to, and succeed in, creating one or more new items. It specializes the notion of modification into production. The decision as to whether or not an object is regarded as new is context sensitive. Normally, items are considered “new” if there is no obvious overall similarity between them and the consumed items and material used in their production. In other cases, an item is considered “new” because it becomes relevant to documentation by a modification. For example, the scribbling of a name on a potsherd may make it a voting token. The original potsherd may not be worth documenting, in contrast to the inscribed one. This entity can be collective: the printing of a thousand books, for example, would normally be considered a single event. An event should also be documented using an instance of E81 Transformation if it results in the destruction of one or more objects and the simultaneous production of others using parts or material from the originals. In this case, the new items have separate identities and matter is preserved, but identity is not.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E11_Modificationc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E63_Beginning_of_Existencec
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P108_has_producedop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P186i_is_produced_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P108i_was_produced_byop

CRM Entityc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E1_CRM_Entity
Description

This class comprises all things in the universe of discourse of the CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model. It is an abstract concept providing for three general properties: Identification by name or appellation, and in particular by a preferred identifier Classification by type, allowing further refinement of the specific subclass an instance belongs to Attachment of free text and other unstructured data for the expression of anything not captured by formal properties All other classes within the CIDOC CRM are directly or indirectly specialisations of E1 CRM Entity.

Sub-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E77_Persistent_Itemc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P2_has_typeop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P137_exemplifiesop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P137i_is_exemplified_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P2i_is_type_ofop

Personc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E21_Person
Description

This class comprises real persons who live or are assumed to have lived. Legendary figures that may have existed, such as Ulysses and King Arthur, fall into this class if the documentation refers to them as historical figures. In cases where doubt exists as to whether several persons are in fact identical, multiple instances can be created and linked to indicate their relationship. The CIDOC CRM does not propose a specific form to support reasoning about possible identity. In a bibliographic context, a name presented following the conventions usually employed for personal names will be assumed to correspond to an actual real person (an instance of E21 Person), unless evidence is available to indicate that this is not the case. The fact that a persona may erroneously be classified as an instance of E21 Person does not imply that the concept comprises personae.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P98i_was_bornop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P100i_died_inop
transraz:changedOccupationop
http://dbpedia.org/ontology/professionop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P152_has_parentop
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/memberop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P152i_is_parent_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P97i_was_father_forop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P96i_gave_birthop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P98_brought_into_lifeop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P96_by_motherop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P97_from_fatherop
http://dbpedia.org/ontology/ownerop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P100_was_death_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P152_has_parentop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P152i_is_parent_ofop

Human-Made Objectc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Object
Description

This class comprises all persistent physical objects of any size that are purposely created by human activity and have physical boundaries that separate them completely in an objective way from other objects. The class also includes all aggregates of objects made for functional purposes of whatever kind, independent of physical coherence, such as a set of chessmen.

Sub-classes transraz:LandPlotc
transraz:CityPartc
transraz:BuildingPartc
transraz:Cityc
transraz:RoofPartc
transraz:Buildingc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P45_consists_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P51_has_former_or_current_ownerop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P53_has_former_or_current_locationop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P186i_is_produced_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P55_has_current_locationop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P49_has_former_or_current_keeperop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P54_has_current_permanent_locationop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P109i_is_current_or_former_curator_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P50i_is_current_keeper_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P53i_is_former_or_current_location_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P51i_is_former_or_current_owner_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P54i_is_current_permanent_location_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P45i_is_incorporated_inop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P55i_currently_holdsop

Conceptual Objectc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E28_Conceptual_Object
Description

This class comprises non-material products of our minds and other human produced data that have become objects of a discourse about their identity, circumstances of creation or historical implication. The production of such information may have been supported by the use of technical devices such as cameras or computers. Characteristically, instances of this class are created, invented or thought by someone, and then may be documented or communicated between persons. Instances of E28 Conceptual Object have the ability to exist on more than one particular carrier at the same time, such as paper, electronic signals, marks, audio media, paintings, photos, human memories, etc. They cannot be destroyed. They exist as long as they can be found on at least one carrier or in at least one human memory. Their existence ends when the last carrier and the last memory are lost.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E71_Human-Made_Thingc
Sub-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E89_Propositional_Objectc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P94i_was_created_byop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P94_has_createdop

Temporal Entityc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entity
Description

This class comprises all phenomena, such as the instances of E4 Periods and E5 Events, which happen over a limited extent in time. This extent in time must be contiguous, i.e., without gaps. In case the defining kinds of phenomena for an instance of E2 Temporal Entity cease to happen, and occur later again at another time, we regard that the former instance of E2 Temporal Entity has ended and a new instance has come into existence. In more intuitive terms, the same event cannot happen twice. In some contexts, such phenomena are also called perdurants. This class is disjoint from E77 Persistent Item and is an abstract class that typically has no direct instances. E2 Temporal Entity is specialized into E4 Period, which applies to a particular geographic area (defined with a greater or lesser degree of precision), and E3 Condition State, which applies to instances of E18 Physical Thing.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E1_CRM_Entityc
Sub-classes transraz:Eventc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E4_Periodc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P184i_ends_with_or_after_the_end_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P185i_ends_after_the_end_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P173i_ends_after_or_with_the_start_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P185_ends_before_the_end_ofop
transraz:durationop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P183_ends_before_the_start_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P182i_starts_after_or_with_the_end_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P173_starts_before_or_with_the_end_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P184_ends_before_or_with_the_end_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P182_ends_before_or_with_the_start_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P176_starts_before_the_start_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P175_starts_before_or_with_the_start_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P174_starts_before_the_end_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P183i_starts_after_the_end_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P174i_ends_after_the_start_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P176i_starts_after_the_start_ofop
transraz:timeop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P175i_starts_after_or_with_the_start_ofop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P176_starts_before_the_start_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P173i_ends_after_or_with_the_start_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P173_starts_before_or_with_the_end_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P182_ends_before_or_with_the_start_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P183_ends_before_the_start_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P184i_ends_with_or_after_the_end_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P185_ends_before_the_end_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P185i_ends_after_the_end_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P176i_starts_after_the_start_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P174i_ends_after_the_start_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P174_starts_before_the_end_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P175i_starts_after_or_with_the_start_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P175_starts_before_or_with_the_start_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P183i_starts_after_the_end_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P184_ends_before_or_with_the_end_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P182i_starts_after_or_with_the_end_ofop

Actorc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actor
Description

This class comprises people, either individually or in groups, who have the potential to perform intentional actions of kinds for which someone may be held responsible.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E77_Persistent_Itemc
Sub-classes https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Agentc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E21_Personc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E74_Groupc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P22i_acquired_title_throughop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P74_has_current_or_former_residenceop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P29i_received_custody_throughop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P50i_is_current_keeper_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P143i_was_joined_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P28i_surrendered_custody_throughop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P23i_surrendered_title_throughop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11i_participated_inop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P14i_performedop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P145i_left_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P51i_is_former_or_current_owner_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P109i_is_current_or_former_curator_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P75_possessesop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P107i_is_current_or_former_member_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P49i_is_former_or_current_keeper_ofop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P49_has_former_or_current_keeperop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P50_has_current_keeperop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P29_custody_received_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P22_transferred_title_toop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P143_joinedop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P23_transferred_title_fromop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P51_has_former_or_current_ownerop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P14_carried_out_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11_had_participantop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P109_has_current_or_former_curatorop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P74i_is_current_or_former_residence_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P28_custody_surrendered_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P107_has_current_or_former_memberop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P145_separatedop

Periodc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E4_Period
Description

This class comprises sets of coherent phenomena or cultural manifestations occurring in time and space. It is the social or physical coherence of these phenomena that identify an instance of E4 Period and not the associated spatiotemporal extent. This extent is only the “ground” or space in an abstract physical sense that the actual process of growth, spread and retreat has covered. Consequently, different periods can overlap and coexist in time and space, such as when a nomadic culture exists in the same area and time as a sedentary culture. This also means that overlapping land use rights, common among first nations, amounts to overlapping periods. Often, this class is used to describe prehistoric or historic periods such as the “Neolithic Period”, the “Ming Dynasty” or the “McCarthy Era”, but also geopolitical units and activities of settlements are regarded as special cases of E4 Period. However, there are no assumptions about the scale of the associated phenomena. In particular all events are seen as synthetic processes consisting of coherent phenomena. Therefore, E4 Period is a superclass of E5 Event. For example, a modern clinical birth, an instance of E67 Birth, can be seen as both a single event, i.e., an instance of E5 Event, and as an extended period, i.e., an instance of E4 Period, that consists of multiple physical processes and complementary activities performed by multiple instances of E39 Actor. As the actual extent of an instance of E4 Period in spacetime we regard the trajectories of the participating physical things during their participation in an instance of E4 Period. This includes the open spaces via which these things have interacted and the spaces by which they had the potential to interact during that period or event in the way defined by the type of the respective period or event. Examples include the air in a meeting room transferring the voices of the participants. Since these phenomena are fuzzy, we assume the spatiotemporal extent to be contiguous, except for cases of phenomena spreading out over islands or other separated areas, including geopolitical units distributed over disconnected areas such as islands or colonies. Whether the trajectories necessary for participants to travel between these areas are regarded as part of the spatiotemporal extent or not has to be decided in each case based on a concrete analysis, taking use of the sea for other purposes than travel, such as fishing, into consideration. One may also argue that the activities to govern disconnected areas imply travelling through spaces connecting them and that these areas hence are spatially connected in a way, but it appears counterintuitive to consider for instance travel routes in international waters as extensions of geopolitical units. Consequently, an instance of E4 Period may occupy a number of disjoint spacetime volumes, however there must not be a discontinuity in the timespan covered by these spacetime volumes. This means that an instance of E4 Period must be contiguous in time. If it has ended in all areas, it has ended as a whole. However, it may end in one area before another, such as in the Polynesian migration, and it continues as long as it is ongoing in at least one area. We model E4 Period as a subclass of E2 Temporal Entity and of E92 Spacetime Volume. The latter is intended as a phenomenal spacetime volume as defined in CIDOC CRMgeo (Doerr & Hiebel, 2013). By virtue of this multiple inheritance, we can discuss the physical extent of an instance of E4 Period without representing each instance of it together with an instance of its associated spacetime volume. This model combines two quite different kinds of substance: an instance of E4 Period is a phenomenon while an instance of E92 Spacetime Volume is an aggregation of points in spacetime. However, the real spatiotemporal extent of an instance of E4 Period is regarded to be unique to it due to all its details and fuzziness; its identity and existence depends uniquely on the identity of the instance of E4 Period. Therefore, this multiple inheritance is unambiguous and effective and furthermore corresponds to the intuitions of natural language. Typical use of this class in cultural heritage documentation is for documenting cultural and artistic periods. There are two different conceptualisations of ‘artistic style’, defined either by physical features or by historical context. For example, “Impressionism” can be viewed as a period in the European sphere of influence lasting from approximately 1870 to 1905 during which paintings with particular characteristics were produced by a group of artists that included (among others) Monet, Renoir, Pissarro, Sisley and Degas. Alternatively, it can be regarded as a style applicable to all paintings sharing the characteristics of the works produced by the Impressionist painters, regardless of historical context. The first interpretation is an instance of E4 Period, and the second defines morphological object types that fall under E55 Type. A geopolitical unit as a specific case of an instance of E4 Period is the set of activities and phenomena related to the claim of power, the consequences of belonging to a jurisdictional area and an administrative system that establishes a geopolitical unit. Examples from the modern period are countries or administrative areas of countries such as districts whose actions and structures define activities and phenomena in the area that they intend to govern. The borders of geopolitical units are often defined in contracts or treaties although they may deviate from the actual practice. The spatiotemporal properties of Geopolitical units can be modelled through the properties inherited from E92 Spacetime Volume. Another specific case of an instance of E4 Period is the actual extent of the set of activities and phenomena as evidenced by their physical traces that define a settlement, such as the populated period of Nineveh.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
Sub-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E5_Eventc

Placec

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Place
Description

This class comprises extents in space, in particular on the surface of the earth, in the pure sense of physics: independent from temporal phenomena and matter. The instances of E53 Place are usually determined by reference to the position of “immobile” objects such as buildings, cities, mountains, rivers, or dedicated geodetic marks, but may also be determined by reference to mobile objects. A Place can be determined by combining a frame of reference and a location with respect to this frame. It is sometimes argued that instances of E53 Place are best identified by global coordinates or absolute reference systems. However, relative references are often more relevant in the context of cultural documentation and tend to be more precise. In particular, we are often interested in position in relation to large, mobile objects, such as ships. For example, the Place at which Nelson died is known with reference to a large mobile object – H.M.S Victory. A resolution of this Place in terms of absolute coordinates would require knowledge of the movements of the vessel and the precise time of death, either of which may be revised, and the result would lack historical and cultural relevance. Any instance of E18 Physical Thing can serve as a frame of reference for an instance of E53 Place. This may be documented using the property P157 is at rest relative to (provides reference space for).

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E1_CRM_Entityc
Sub-classes transraz:CityPartc
transraz:Cityc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P122_borders_withop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P53i_is_former_or_current_location_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P26i_was_destination_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P74i_is_current_or_former_residence_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P189_approximatesop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P189i_is_approximated_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P27i_was_origin_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P54i_is_current_permanent_location_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P121_overlaps_withop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P89_falls_withinop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P89i_containsop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P55i_currently_holdsop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P189i_is_approximated_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P74_has_current_or_former_residenceop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P121_overlaps_withop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P122_borders_withop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P27_moved_fromop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P53_has_former_or_current_locationop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P55_has_current_locationop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P89_falls_withinop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P54_has_current_permanent_locationop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P189_approximatesop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P26_moved_toop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P89i_containsop

Typec

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Type
Description

This class comprises concepts denoted by terms from thesauri and controlled vocabularies used to characterize and classify instances of CIDOC CRM classes. Instances of E55 Type represent concepts in contrast to instances of E41 Appellation which are used to name instances of CIDOC CRM classes. E55 Type is the CIDOC CRM’s interface to domain specific ontologies and thesauri. These can be represented in the CIDOC CRM as subclasses of E55 Type, forming hierarchies of terms, i.e., instances of E55 Type linked via P127 has broader term (has narrower term): E55 Type. Such hierarchies may be extended with additional properties.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E28_Conceptual_Objectc
Sub-classes transraz:BuildingPartTypec
transraz:RoofPartTypec
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E56_Languagec
transraz:BuildingFunctionc
transraz:RoofTypec
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E57_Materialc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P127_has_broader_termop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P150i_defines_typical_wholes_forop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P101i_was_use_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P103i_was_intention_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P2i_is_type_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P125i_was_type_of_object_used_inop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P32i_was_technique_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P150_defines_typical_parts_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P127i_has_narrower_termop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P135i_was_created_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P137i_is_exemplified_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P21i_was_purpose_ofop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P127i_has_narrower_termop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P127_has_broader_termop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P32_used_general_techniqueop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P2_has_typeop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P101_had_as_general_useop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P135_created_typeop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P137_exemplifiesop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P103_was_intended_forop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P150i_defines_typical_wholes_forop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P125_used_object_of_typeop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P21_had_general_purposeop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P150_defines_typical_parts_ofop

Languagec

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E56_Language
Description

This class is a specialization of E55 Type and comprises the natural languages in the sense of concepts. This type is used categorically in the model without reference to instances of it, i.e., the Model does not foresee the description of instances of instances of E56 Language, e.g.: “instances of Mandarin Chinese”. It is recommended that internationally or nationally agreed codes and terminology are used to denote instances of E56 Language, such as those defined in ISO 639-1:2002 and later versions.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec

Materialc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E57_Material
Description

This class is a specialization of E55 Type and comprises the concepts of materials. Instances of E57 Material may denote properties of matter before its use, during its use, and as incorporated in an object, such as ultramarine powder, tempera paste, reinforced concrete. Discrete pieces of raw-materials kept in museums, such as bricks, sheets of fabric, pieces of metal, should be modelled individually in the same way as other objects. Discrete used or processed pieces, such as the stones from Nefer Titi's temple, should be modelled as parts (cf. P46 is composed of (forms part of): E18 Physical Thing). This type is used categorically in the model without reference to instances of it, i.e., the Model does not foresee the description of instances of instances of E57 Material, e.g.: “instances of gold”. It is recommended that internationally or nationally agreed codes and terminology are used.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P45i_is_incorporated_inop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P126i_was_employed_inop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P45_consists_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P126_employedop

Eventc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E5_Event
Description

This class comprises distinct, delimited and coherent processes and interactions of a material nature, in cultural, social or physical systems, involving and affecting instances of E77 Persistent Item in a way characteristic of the kind of process. Typical examples are meetings, births, deaths, actions of decision taking, making or inventing things, but also more complex and extended ones such as conferences, elections, building of a castle, or battles. While the continuous growth of a tree lacks the limits characteristic of an event, its germination from a seed does qualify as an event. Similarly, the blowing of the wind lacks the distinctness and limits of an event, but a hurricane, flood or earthquake would qualify as an event. Mental processes are considered as events, in cases where they are connected with the material externalization of their results; for example, the creation of a poem, a performance or a change of intention that becomes obvious from subsequent actions or declarations. The effects of an instance of E5 Event may not lead to relevant permanent changes of properties or relations of the items involved in it, for example an unrecorded performance. Of course, in order to be documented, some kind of evidence for an event must exist, be it witnesses, traces or products of the event. While instances of E4 Period always require some form of coherence between its constituent phenomena, in addition, the essential constituents of instances of E5 Event should contribute to an overall effect; for example, the statements made during a meeting and the listening of the audience. Viewed at a coarse level of detail, an instance of E5 Event may appear as if it had an ‘instantaneous’ overall effect, but any process or interaction of material nature in reality have an extent in time and space. At a fine level, instances of E5 Event may be analyzed into component phenomena and phases within a space and timeframe, and as such can be seen as a period, regardless of the size of the phenomena. The reverse is not necessarily the case: not all instances of E4 Period give rise to a noteworthy overall effect and are thus not instances of E5 Event.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E4_Periodc
Sub-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E64_End_of_Existencec
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E63_Beginning_of_Existencec
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P20i_was_purpose_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11_had_participantop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12_occurred_in_the_presence_ofop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12i_was_present_atop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11i_participated_inop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P20_had_specific_purposeop

Beginning of Existencec

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E63_Beginning_of_Existence
Description

This class comprises events that bring into existence any instance of E77 Persistent Item. It may be used for temporal reasoning about things (intellectual products, physical items, groups of people, living beings) beginning to exist; it serves as a hook for determination of a “terminus post quem” or “terminus ante quem”.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E5_Eventc
Sub-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E65_Creationc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E67_Birthc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E81_Transformationc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E66_Formationc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E12_Productionc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P92_brought_into_existenceop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P92i_was_brought_into_existence_byop

End of Existencec

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E64_End_of_Existence
Description

This class comprises events that end the existence of any instance of E77 Persistent Item. It may be used for temporal reasoning about things (physical items, groups of people, living beings) ceasing to exist; it serves as a hook for determination of a “terminus post quem” or “terminus ante quem”. In cases where substance from an instance of E64 Persistent Item continues to exist in a new form, the process would be documented as instances of E81 Transformation.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E5_Eventc
Sub-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E81_Transformationc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E69_Deathc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E68_Dissolutionc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E6_Destructionc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P93_took_out_of_existenceop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P93i_was_taken_out_of_existence_byop

Creationc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E65_Creation
Description

This class comprises events that result in the creation of conceptual items or immaterial products, such as legends, poems, texts, music, images, movies, laws, types etc.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E63_Beginning_of_Existencec
Sub-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E83_Type_Creationc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P94_has_createdop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P94i_was_created_byop

Formationc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E66_Formation
Description

This class comprises events that result in the formation of a formal or informal E74 Group of people, such as a club, society, association, corporation or nation. E66 Formation does not include the arbitrary aggregation of people who do not act as a collective. The formation of an instance of E74 Group does not require that the group is populated with members at the time of formation. In order to express the joining of members at the time of formation, the respective activity should be simultaneously an instance of both E66 Formation and E85 Joining.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E63_Beginning_of_Existencec
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P95_has_formedop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P151_was_formed_fromop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P95i_was_formed_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P151i_participated_inop

Birthc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E67_Birth
Description

This class comprises the births of human beings. E67 Birth is a biological event focussing on the context of people coming into life. (E63 Beginning of Existence comprises the coming into life of any living being). Twins, triplets etc. are typically brought into life by the same instance of E67 Birth. The introduction of E67 Birth as a documentation element allows the description of a range of family relationships in a simple model. Suitable extensions may describe more details and the complexity of motherhood with the intervention of modern medicine. In this model, the biological father is not seen as a necessary participant in the birth.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E63_Beginning_of_Existencec
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P97_from_fatherop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P96_by_motherop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P98_brought_into_lifeop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P97i_was_father_forop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P96i_gave_birthop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P98i_was_bornop

Dissolutionc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E68_Dissolution
Description

This class comprises the events that result in the formal or informal termination of an instance of E74 Group. If the dissolution was deliberate, the Dissolution event should also be instantiated as an instance of E7 Activity.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E64_End_of_Existencec
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P99_dissolvedop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P99i_was_dissolved_byop

Deathc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E69_Death
Description

This class comprises the deaths of human beings. If a person is killed, the death should be documented as an instance of both E69 Death and E7 Activity. The death or perishing of other living beings should be documented as instances of E64 End of Existence.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E64_End_of_Existencec
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P100_was_death_ofop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P100i_died_inop

Destructionc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E6_Destruction
Description

This class comprises events that destroy one or more instances of E18 Physical Thing such that they lose their identity as the subjects of documentation. Some destruction events are intentional, while others are independent of human activity. Intentional destruction may be documented by classifying the event as both an instance of E6 Destruction and of E7 Activity. The decision to document an object as destroyed, transformed or modified is context sensitive: 1. If the matter remaining from the destruction is not documented, the event is modelled solely as an instance of E6 Destruction. 2. An event should also be documented as an instance of E81 Transformation if it results in the destruction of one or more objects and the simultaneous production of others using parts or material from the original. In this case, the new items have separate identities. Matter is preserved, but identity is not. 3. When the initial identity of the changed instance of E18 Physical Thing is preserved, the event should be documented as an instance of E11 Modification.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E64_End_of_Existencec
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P13_destroyedop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P13i_was_destroyed_byop

Thingc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E70_Thing
Description

This general class comprises discrete, identifiable, instances of E77 Persistent Item that are documented as single units, that either consist of matter or depend on being carried by matter and are characterized by relative stability. They may be intellectual products or physical things. They may for instance have a solid physical form, an electronic encoding, or they may be a logical concept or structure.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E77_Persistent_Itemc
Sub-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E71_Human-Made_Thingc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P101_had_as_general_useop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P101i_was_use_ofop

Human-Made Thingc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E71_Human-Made_Thing
Description

This class comprises discrete, identifiable human-made items that are documented as single units. These items are either intellectual products or human-made physical things, and are characterized by relative stability. They may for instance have a solid physical form, an electronic encoding, or they may be logical concepts or structures.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E70_Thingc
Sub-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E28_Conceptual_Objectc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P19i_was_made_forop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P103_was_intended_forop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P46_is_composed_ofop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P19_was_intended_use_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P103i_was_intention_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P46_is_composed_ofop

Groupc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E74_Group
Description

This class comprises any gatherings or organizations of human individuals or groups that act collectively or in a similar way due to any form of unifying relationship. In the wider sense this class also comprises official positions which used to be regarded in certain contexts as one actor, independent of the current holder of the office, such as the president of a country. In such cases, it may happen that the group never had more than one member. A joint pseudonym (i.e., a name that seems indicative of an individual but that is actually used as a persona by two or more people) is a particular case of E74 Group. A gathering of people becomes an instance of E74 Group when it exhibits organizational characteristics usually typified by a set of ideas or beliefs held in common, or actions performed together. These might be communication, creating some common artifact, a common purpose such as study, worship, business, sports, etc. Nationality can be modelled as membership in an instance of E74 Group. Married couples and other concepts of family are regarded as particular examples of E74 Group.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc
Sub-classes https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Organizationc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P146i_lost_member_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P99i_was_dissolved_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P95i_was_formed_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P107_has_current_or_former_memberop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P144i_gained_member_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P151i_participated_inop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P95_has_formedop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P99_dissolvedop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P144_joined_withop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P107i_is_current_or_former_member_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P151_was_formed_fromop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P146_separated_fromop

Persistent Itemc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E77_Persistent_Item
Description

This class comprises items that have persistent characteristics of structural nature substantially related to their identity and their integrity, sometimes known as “endurants” in philosophy. Persistent Items may be physical entities, such as people, animals or things, conceptual entities such as ideas, concepts, products of the imagination or even names. Instances of E77 Persistent Item may be present or be part of interactions in different periods or events. They can repeatedly be recognized at disparate occasions during their existence by characteristics of structural nature. The respective characteristics need not be exactly the same during all the existence of an instance of E77 Persistent Item. Often, they undergo gradual change, still bearing some similarities with that of previous times, or disappear completely and new emerge. For instance, a person, from the time of being born on, will gradually change all its features and acquire new ones, such as a scar. Even the DNA in different body cells will develop defects and mutations. Nevertheless, relevant characteristics use to be sufficiently similar to recognize the instance for some substantial period of time. The more specific criteria that determine the identity of instances of subclasses of E77 Persistent Item may vary considerably and are described of referred to in the respective scope notes. The decision about which exact criteria to use depends on whether the observable behaviour of the respective part of reality such confined conforms to the reasoning the user is interested in. For example, a building can be regarded as no longer existing if it is dismantled and the materials reused in a different configuration. On the other hand, human beings go through radical and profound changes during their life-span, affecting both material composition and form, yet preserve their identity by other criteria, such as being bodily separated from other persons. Similarly, inanimate objects may be subject to exchange of parts and matter. On the opposite, the identity of a (version of a) text of a scientific publication is given by the exact arrangement of its relevant symbols. The main classes of objects that fall outside the scope of the E77 Persistent Item class are temporal objects such as periods, events and acts, and descriptive properties. An instance of E77 Persistent Item does not require actual knowledge of the identifying features of the instance being currently known. There may be cases, where the actual identifying features of an instance of E77 Persistent Item are not decidable at a particular state of knowledge.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E1_CRM_Entityc
Sub-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E70_Thingc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P93i_was_taken_out_of_existence_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P92i_was_brought_into_existence_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12i_was_present_atop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P93_took_out_of_existenceop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12_occurred_in_the_presence_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P92_brought_into_existenceop

Part Additionc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E79_Part_Addition
Description

This class comprises activities that result in an instance of E24 Physical Human-Made Thing being increased, enlarged or augmented by the addition of a part. Typical scenarios include the attachment of an accessory, the integration of a component, the addition of an element to an aggregate object, or the accessioning of an object into a curated instance of E78 Curated Holding. Objects to which parts are added are, by definition, human-made, since the addition of a part implies a human activity. Following the addition of parts, the resulting human-made assemblages are treated objectively as single identifiable wholes, made up of constituent or component parts bound together either physically (for example the engine becoming a part of the car), or by sharing a common purpose (such as the 32 chess pieces that make up a chess set). This class of activities forms a basis for reasoning about the history and continuity of identity of objects that are integrated into other objects over time, such as precious gemstones being repeatedly incorporated into different items of jewellery, or cultural artifacts being added to different museum instances of E78 Curated Holding over their lifespan.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E11_Modificationc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P110_augmentedop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P110i_was_augmented_byop

Activityc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activity
Description

This class comprises actions intentionally carried out by instances of E39 Actor that result in changes of state in the cultural, social, or physical systems documented. This notion includes complex, composite and long-lasting actions such as the building of a settlement or a war, as well as simple, short-lived actions such as the opening of a door.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E5_Eventc
Sub-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E65_Creationc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E8_Acquisitionc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E86_Leavingc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E11_Modificationc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E85_Joiningc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E66_Formationc
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E9_Movec
transraz:OcupationalChangec
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P20_had_specific_purposeop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P125_used_object_of_typeop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P19_was_intended_use_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P32_used_general_techniqueop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P21_had_general_purposeop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P14_carried_out_byop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P14i_performedop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P20i_was_purpose_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P32i_was_technique_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P21i_was_purpose_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P19i_was_made_forop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P125i_was_type_of_object_used_inop

Part Removalc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E80_Part_Removal
Description

This class comprises the activities that result in an instance of E18 Physical Thing being decreased by the removal of a part. Typical scenarios include the detachment of an accessory, the removal of a component or part of a composite object, or the deaccessioning of an object from a curated collection, an instance of E78 Curated Holding. If the instance of E80 Part Removal results in the total decomposition of the original object into pieces, such that the whole ceases to exist, the activity should instead be modelled as an instance of E81 Transformation, i.e., a simultaneous destruction and production. In cases where the part removed has no discernible identity prior to its removal but does have an identity subsequent to its removal, the activity should be modelled as both an instance of E80 Part Removal and E12 Production. This class of activities forms a basis for reasoning about the history, and continuity of identity over time, of objects that are removed from other objects, such as precious gemstones being extracted from different items of jewellry, or cultural artifacts being deaccessioned from different museum collections over their lifespan.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E11_Modificationc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P113_removedop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P112_diminishedop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P112i_was_diminished_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P113i_was_removed_byop

Transformationc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E81_Transformation
Description

This class comprises the events that result in the simultaneous destruction of one or more than one E18 Physical Thing and the creation of one or more than one E18 Physical Thing that preserves recognizable substance and structure from the first one(s) but has fundamentally different nature or identity. Although the old and the new instances of E18 Physical Thing are treated as discrete entities having separate, unique identities, they are causally connected through the E81 Transformation; the destruction of the old E18 Physical Thing(s) directly causes the creation of the new one(s) using or preserving some relevant substance and structure. Instances of E81 Transformation are therefore distinct from re-classifications (documented using E17 Type Assignment) or modifications (documented using E11 Modification) of objects that do not fundamentally change their nature or identity. Characteristic cases are reconstructions and repurposing of historical buildings or ruins, fires leaving buildings in ruins, taxidermy of specimen in natural history. Even though such instances of E81 Transformation are often motivated by a change of intended use, substantial material changes should justify the documentation of the result as a new instance of E18 Physical Thing and not just the change of function. The latter may be documented as an extended activity (instance of E7 Activity) of using it.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E64_End_of_Existencec
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E63_Beginning_of_Existencec
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P123_resulted_inop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P124_transformedop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P123i_resulted_fromop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P124i_was_transformed_byop

Type Creationc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E83_Type_Creation
Description

This class comprises activities formally defining new types of items. It is typically a rigorous scholarly or scientific process that ensures a type is exhaustively described and appropriately named. In some cases, particularly in archaeology and the life sciences, E83 Type Creation requires the identification of an exemplary specimen and the publication of the type definition in an appropriate scholarly forum. The activity modelled as an instance of E83 Type Creation is central to research in the life sciences, where a type would be referred to as a “taxon,” the type description as a “protologue,” and the exemplary specimens as “original element” or “holotype”.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E65_Creationc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P135_created_typeop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P135i_was_created_byop

Joiningc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E85_Joining
Description

This class comprises the activities that result in an instance of E39 Actor becoming a member of an instance of E74 Group. This class does not imply initiative by either party. It may be the initiative of a third party. Typical scenarios include becoming a member of a social organisation, becoming employee of a company, marriage, the adoption of a child by a family and the inauguration of somebody into an official position.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P144_joined_withop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P143_joinedop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P144i_gained_member_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P143i_was_joined_byop

Leavingc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E86_Leaving
Description

This class comprises the activities that result in an instance of E39 Actor to be disassociated from an instance of E74 Group. This class does not imply initiative by either party. It may be the initiative of a third party. Typical scenarios include the termination of membership in a social organisation, ending the employment at a company, divorce, and the end of tenure of somebody in an official position.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P145_separatedop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P146_separated_fromop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P146i_lost_member_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P145i_left_byop

Propositional Objectc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E89_Propositional_Object
Description

This class comprises immaterial items, including but not limited to stories, plots, procedural prescriptions, algorithms, laws of physics or images that are, or represent in some sense, sets of propositions about real or imaginary things and that are documented as single units or serve as topic of discourse. This class also comprises items that are “about” something in the sense of a subject. In the wider sense, this class includes expressions of psychological value such as non-figural art and musical themes. However, conceptual items such as types and classes are not instances of E89 Propositional Object. This should not be confused with the definition of a type, which is indeed an instance of E89 Propositional Object.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E28_Conceptual_Objectc
Sub-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E30_Rightc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P148_has_componentop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P148i_is_component_ofop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P148_has_componentop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P148i_is_component_ofop

Acquisitionc

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E8_Acquisition
Description

This class comprises transfers of legal ownership from one or more instances of E39 Actor to one or more other instances of E39 Actor. The class also applies to the establishment or loss of ownership of instances of E18 Physical Thing. It does not, however, imply changes of any other kinds of right. The recording of the donor and/or recipient is optional. It is possible that in an instance of E8 Acquisition there is either no donor or no recipient. Depending on the circumstances, it may describe: 1. the beginning of ownership 2. the end of ownership 3. the transfer of ownership 4. the acquisition from an unknown source 5. the loss of title due to destruction of the item It may also describe events where a collector appropriates legal title, for example by annexation or field collection. The interpretation of the museum notion of "accession" differs between institutions. The CIDOC CRM therefore models legal ownership (E8 Acquisition) and physical custody (E10 Transfer of Custody) separately. Institutions will then model their specific notions of accession and deaccession as combinations of these.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc
Sub-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E96_Purchasec
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P23_transferred_title_fromop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P22_transferred_title_toop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P23i_surrendered_title_throughop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P22i_acquired_title_throughop

Purchasec

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E96_Purchase
Description

This class comprises transfers of legal ownership from one or more instances of E39 Actor to one or more different instances of E39 Actor, where the transferring party is completely compensated by the payment of a monetary amount. In more detail, a purchase agreement establishes a fixed monetary obligation at its initialization on the receiving party, to the giving party. An instance of E96 Purchase begins with the contract or equivalent agreement and ends with the fulfilment of all contractual obligations. In the case that the activity is abandoned before both parties have fulfilled these obligations, the activity is not regarded as an instance of E96 Purchase. This class is a very specific case of the much more complex social business practices of exchange of goods and the creation and satisfaction of related social obligations. Purchase activities which define individual sales prices per object can be modelled by instantiating E96 Purchase for each object individually and as part of an overall instance of E96 Purchase transaction.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E8_Acquisitionc

Movec

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E9_Move
Description

This class comprises changes of the physical location of the instances of E19 Physical Object. Note, that the class E9 Move inherits the property P7 took place at (witnessed): E53 Place. This property should be used to describe the trajectory or a larger area within which a move takes place, whereas the properties P26 moved to (was destination of), P27 moved from (was origin of) describe the start and end points only. Moves may also be documented to consist of other moves (via P9 consists of (forms part of)), in order to describe intermediate stages on a trajectory. In that case, start and end points of the partial moves should match appropriately between each other and with the overall event.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc
In domain of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P25_movedop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P27_moved_fromop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P26_moved_toop
In range of http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P27i_was_origin_ofop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P25i_moved_byop
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P26i_was_destination_ofop

Agentc

URI https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Agent
Description

Analogous to a foaf:Agent, an agent is an entity that acts. This is intended to be the super class of Person and Organisation. (en)

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc
Sub-classes https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Organizationc
https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc
In domain of http://purl.org/dc/terms/creatorop

Organizationc

URI https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Organization
Description

An organization such as a school, NGO, corporation, club, etc.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E74_Groupc
https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Agentc
In domain of transraz:branchop
In range of http://dbpedia.org/ontology/employerop
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/memberop
http://purl.org/dc/terms/publisher

Professionc

URI https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Profession
In range of http://dbpedia.org/ontology/professionop
transraz:changeOccupationToop
transraz:changeOccupationFromop

Addressc

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/Address
Description

The address of an Object or an Actor

In range of transraz:addressop

Branchc

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/Branch
Description

Branch or industry an orgnaization works in.

In range of transraz:branchop

Buildingc

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/Building
Description

The class comprises any architectural object, such as a house or factory.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc
In domain of transraz:buildingComposedOfop
In range of transraz:landplotComposedOfop

Building functionc

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/BuildingFunction
Description

The purpose the building is/was used for.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec

Building levelc

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/BuildingLevel
Description

The class comprises any any level part of a building with a floor that could be used by people.

Super-classes transraz:BuildingPartc

Building partc

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/BuildingPart
Description

The class comprises parts of architectural objects.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc
Sub-classes transraz:Facadec
transraz:Roofc
transraz:BuildingLevelc
In domain of transraz:buildingpartComposedOfop
In range of transraz:buildingpartComposedOfop
transraz:buildingComposedOfop

Building part typec

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/BuildingPartType
Description

Architectural type of a building or its part, e.g. corner building.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec

Cityc

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/City
Description

A relatively large and permanent settlement, particularly a large urban settlement.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc

City halfc

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/CityHalf
Description

The class comprises city sides, usually divided by a river.

Super-classes transraz:CityPartc

City partc

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/CityPart
Description

The class comprises a certain part of a city.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc
Sub-classes transraz:CityHalfc
transraz:Streetc
transraz:CityQuarterc
In domain of transraz:citypartComposedOfop

City quarterc

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/CityQuarter
Description

The class comprises a geographically localised community within a city.

Super-classes transraz:CityPartc

Eventc

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/Event
Description

Defines political, social, cultura, military, etc. events and activities

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc

Facadec

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/Facade
Description

The class comprises the front part or exterior of a building.

Super-classes transraz:BuildingPartc

Land plotc

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/LandPlot
Description

The class comprises a parcel of a built-up land in a city that is surrounded by the path and road network and consists of several directly adjacent buildings.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc
In domain of transraz:landplotComposedOfop

Change of an occupationc

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/OcupationalChange
Description

Pursuing a different kind of work

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc
In domain of transraz:changeOccupationFromop
transraz:changeOccupationToop
In range of transraz:changedOccupationop

Refunctionc

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/Refunction
Description

The class comprises events that describe a change of function of an object or concept that usually happens over time. For example, occupations change their function (cab driver) and architectural objects change their purposes (a building was used as pharmacy and then as a store).

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E11_Modificationc

Relabelingc

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/Relabeling
Description

The class comprises the change of the legal name of an object or an agent.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E11_Modificationc

Roofc

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/Roof
Description

The class comprises the top covering of a building.

Super-classes transraz:BuildingPartc
In domain of transraz:roofComposedOfop

Roof partc

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/RoofPart
Description

The class comprises any part of a roof.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc
In range of transraz:roofComposedOfop

Roof part typec

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/RoofPartType
Description

Archictectural type of a roof part or roof element

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec

Roof typec

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/RoofType
Description

Architectural type of a roof.

Super-classes http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec

Streetc

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/Street
Description

The class comprises any public road in a city, town, or village, typically with houses and buildings on one or both sides.

Super-classes transraz:CityPartc
In domain of transraz:streetComposedOfop

Object Properties

brotherop

URI http://dbpedia.org/ontology/brother
Domain(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc
Range(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc

childop

URI http://dbpedia.org/ontology/child
Domain(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc
Range(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc

employerop

URI http://dbpedia.org/ontology/employer
Domain(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc
Range(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Organizationc

friendop

URI http://dbpedia.org/ontology/friend
Domain(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc
Range(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc

ownsop

URI http://dbpedia.org/ontology/owns

parentop

URI http://dbpedia.org/ontology/parent
Domain(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc
Range(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc

professionop

URI http://dbpedia.org/ontology/profession
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E21_Personc
Range(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Professionc

relativeop

URI http://dbpedia.org/ontology/relative
Domain(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc
Range(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc

sisterop

URI http://dbpedia.org/ontology/sister
Domain(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc
Range(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc

spouseop

URI http://dbpedia.org/ontology/spouse
Domain(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc
Range(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc

creatorop

URI http://purl.org/dc/terms/creator
Domain(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Agentc
Range(s) http://purl.org/vocab/frbr/core#Workc

Tod vonop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P100_was_death_of
Description This property links an instance of E69 Death to the instance of E21 Person that died. An instance of E69 Death may involve multiple people, for example in the case of a battle or disaster. This is not intended for use with general natural history material, only people.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P93_took_out_of_existenceop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P100i_died_inop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E69_Deathc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E21_Personc

died inop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P100i_died_in
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P93i_was_taken_out_of_existence_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E21_Personc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E69_Deathc

had as general useop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P101_had_as_general_use
Description This property associates an instance of E70 Thing with an instance of E55 Type that describes the type of use that it was actually employed for. It allows the relationship between particular things, both physical and immaterial, and the general methods and techniques of real use to be documented. This may well be different from the intended functional purpose of the instance of E70 Thing (which can be documented with P103 was intended for (was intention of)). For example, it could be recorded that a particular wooden crate had a general use as a shelf support on a market stall even though it had been originally intended for carrying vegetables. The use of this property is intended to allow the documentation of usage patterns attested in historical records or through scientific investigation (for instance ceramic residue analysis). It should not be used to document the intended, and thus assumed, use of an object.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P101i_was_use_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E70_Thingc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec

was use ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P101i_was_use_of
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E70_Thingc

was intended forop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P103_was_intended_for
Description This property links an instance of E71 Human-Made Thing to an instance of E55 Type describing its intended usage. It creates a relation between specific human-made things, both physical and immaterial, to types of intended methods and techniques of use. Note: A link between specific human-made things and a specific use activity should be expressed using P19 was intended use of (was made for).
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P103i_was_intention_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E71_Human-Made_Thingc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec

was intention ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P103i_was_intention_of
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E71_Human-Made_Thingc

applies toop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P104i_applies_to
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E30_Rightc

has current or former memberop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P107_has_current_or_former_member
Description This property associates an instance of E74 Group with an instance of E39 Actor that is or has been a member thereof. Instances of E74 Group and E21 Person, may all be members of instances of E74 Group.An instance of E74 Group may be founded initially without any member. This property is a shortcut of the more fully developed path from E74 Group, P144i gained member by, E85 Joining, P143 joined to E39 Actor. The property P107.1 kind of member can be used to specify the type of membership or the role the member has in the group.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P107i_is_current_or_former_member_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E74_Groupc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc

is current or former member ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P107i_is_current_or_former_member_of
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E74_Groupc

has producedop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P108_has_produced
Description This property identifies the instance of E24 Physical Human-Made Thing that came into existence as a result of the instance of E12 Production. The identity of an instance of E24 Physical Human-Made Thing is not defined by its matter, but by its existence as a subject of documentation. An E12 Production can result in the creation of multiple instances of E24 Physical Human-Made Thing.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P31_has_modifiedop http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P92_brought_into_existenceop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P108i_was_produced_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E12_Productionc

has current or former curatorop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P109_has_current_or_former_curator
Description This property identifies the instance of E39 Actor who assumed or have assumed overall curatorial responsibility for an instance of E78 Curated Holding. It does not allow a history of curation to be recorded. This would require use of an event initiating a curator being responsible for a collection.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P49_has_former_or_current_keeperop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P109i_is_current_or_former_curator_ofop
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc

is current or former curator ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P109i_is_current_or_former_curator_of
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P49i_is_former_or_current_keeper_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc

augmentedop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P110_augmented
Description This property identifies the instance of E24 Physical Human-Made Thing that is added to (augmented) in an instance of E79 Part Addition. Although an instance of E79 Part Addition event normally concerns only one instance of E24 Physical Human-Made Thing, it is possible to imagine circumstances under which more than one item might be added to (augmented). For example, the artist Jackson Pollock trailing paint onto multiple canvasses.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P31_has_modifiedop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P110i_was_augmented_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E79_Part_Additionc

was augmented byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P110i_was_augmented_by
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P31i_was_modified_byop
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E79_Part_Additionc

diminishedop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P112_diminished
Description This property identifies the instance E24 Physical Human-Made Thing that was diminished by an instance of E80 Part Removal. Although an instance of E80 Part removal activity normally concerns only one instance of E24 Physical Human-Made Thing, it is possible to imagine circumstances under which more than one item might be diminished by a single instance of E80 Part Removal activity.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P31_has_modifiedop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P112i_was_diminished_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E80_Part_Removalc

was diminished byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P112i_was_diminished_by
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P31i_was_modified_byop
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E80_Part_Removalc

removedop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P113_removed
Description This property identifies the instance of E18 Physical Thing that is removed during an instance of E80 Part Removal activity.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12_occurred_in_the_presence_ofop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P113i_was_removed_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E80_Part_Removalc

was removed byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P113i_was_removed_by
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12i_was_present_atop
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E80_Part_Removalc

had participantop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11_had_participant
Description This property describes the active or passive participation of instances of E39 Actors in an instance of E5 Event. It documents known events in which an instance of E39 Actor has participated during the course of that actor’s life or history. The instances of E53 Place and E52 Time-Span where and when these events happened provide us with constraints about the presence of the related instances of E39 Actor in the past. Collective actors, i.e., instances of E74 Group, may physically participate in events via their representing instances of E21 Persons only. The participation of multiple actors in an event is most likely an indication of their acquaintance and interaction. The property implies that the actor was involved in the event but does not imply any causal relationship. For instance, someone having been portrayed can be said to have participated in the creation of the portrait.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12_occurred_in_the_presence_ofop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11i_participated_inop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E5_Eventc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc

participated inop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11i_participated_in
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12i_was_present_atop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E5_Eventc

overlaps withop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P121_overlaps_with
Description This symmetric property associates an instance of E53 Place with another instance of E53 Place geometrically overlapping it. It does not specify anything about the shared area. This property is purely spatial. It does not imply that phenomena that define, by their extent, places related by P121 overlaps with have ever covered a common area at the same time or even coexisted. In contrast, spatiotemporal overlaps described by P132 spatiotemporally overlaps are the total of areas simultaneously covered by the related spacetime volumes. This property is symmetric.
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec

borders withop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P122_borders_with
Description This symmetric property associates an instance of E53 Place with another instance of E53 Place which shares a part of its border. This property is purely spatial. It does not imply that the phenomena that define, by their extent, places related by P122 borders with have ever shared a respective border at the same time or even coexisted. In particular, this may be the case when the respective common border is formed by a natural feature. This property is not transitive. This property is symmetric.
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec

resulted inop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P123_resulted_in
Description This property identifies the instance or instances of E18 Physical Thing that are the result of an instance of E81 Transformation. New items replace the transformed item or items, which cease to exist as units of documentation. The physical continuity between the old and the new is expressed by the links to the common instance of E81 Transformation.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P92_brought_into_existenceop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P123i_resulted_fromop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E81_Transformationc

resulted fromop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P123i_resulted_from
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P92i_was_brought_into_existence_byop
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E81_Transformationc

transformedop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P124_transformed
Description This property identifies the instance or instances E18 Physical Thing that have ceased to exist due to an instance of E81 Transformation. The item that has ceased to exist and was replaced by the result of the Transformation. The continuity between both items, the new and the old, is expressed by the links to the common instance of E81 Transformation.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P93_took_out_of_existenceop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P124i_was_transformed_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E81_Transformationc

was transformed byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P124i_was_transformed_by
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P93i_was_taken_out_of_existence_byop
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E81_Transformationc

used object of typeop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P125_used_object_of_type
Description This property associates an instance of E7 Activity to an instance of E55 Type, which classifies an instance of E70 Thing used in an instance of E7 Activity, when the specific instance is either unknown or not of interest, such as use of "a hammer". This property is a shortcut of the more fully developed path from E7 Activity through P16 used specific object, E70 Thing, P2 has type, to E55 Type
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P125i_was_type_of_object_used_inop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec

was type of object used inop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P125i_was_type_of_object_used_in
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc

employedop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P126_employed
Description This property identifies the instance of E57 Material employed in an instance of E11 Modification. The instance of E57 Material used during the instance of E11 Modification does not necessarily become incorporated into the instance of E24 Physical Human-Made Thing that forms the subject of the instance of E11 Modification.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P126i_was_employed_inop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E11_Modificationc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E57_Materialc

was employed inop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P126i_was_employed_in
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E57_Materialc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E11_Modificationc

has broader termop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P127_has_broader_term
Description This property associates an instance of E55 Type with another instance of E55 Type that has a broader meaning. It allows instances of E55 Types to be organised into hierarchies. This is the sense of "broader term generic (BTG)" as defined in ISO 25964-2:2013 (International Organization for Standardization 2013). This property is transitive.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P127i_has_narrower_termop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec

has narrower termop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P127i_has_narrower_term
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec

occurred in the presence ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12_occurred_in_the_presence_of
Description This property describes the active or passive presence of an E77 Persistent Item in an instance of E5 Event without implying any specific role. It documents known events in which an instance of E77 Persistent Item was present during the course of its life or history. For example, an object may be the desk, now in a museum, on which a treaty was signed. The instance of E53 Place and the instance of E52 Time-Span where and when these events happened provide us with constraints about the presence of the related instance E77 Persistent Item in the past. Instances of E90 Symbolic Object, in particular information objects, are physically present in events via at least one of the instances of E18 Physical Thing carrying them. Note, that the human mind can be such a carrier. A precondition for a transfer of information to a person or another new physical carrier is the presence of the respective information object and this person or physical thing in one event.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12i_was_present_atop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E5_Eventc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E77_Persistent_Itemc

was present atop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12i_was_present_at
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E77_Persistent_Itemc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E5_Eventc

created typeop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P135_created_type
Description This property identifies the instance of E55 Type, which is created in an instance of E83 Type Creation activity.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P94_has_createdop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P135i_was_created_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E83_Type_Creationc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec

was created byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P135i_was_created_by
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P94i_was_created_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E83_Type_Creationc

exemplifiesop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P137_exemplifies
Description This property associates an instance of E1 CRM Entity with an instance of E55 Type for which it has been declared to be a particularly characteristic example. The P137.1 in the taxonomic role property of P137 exemplifies (is exemplified by) allows differentiation of taxonomic roles. The taxonomic role renders the specific relationship of this example to the type, such as "prototypical", "archetypical", "lectotype", etc. The taxonomic role "lectotype" is not associated with the instance of E83 Type Creation itself but is selected in a later phase.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P2_has_typeop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P137i_is_exemplified_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E1_CRM_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec

is exemplified byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P137i_is_exemplified_by
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P2i_is_type_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E1_CRM_Entityc

destroyedop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P13_destroyed
Description This property links an instance of E6 Destruction to an instance of E18 Physical Thing that has been destroyed by it. Destruction implies the end of an item’s life as a subject of cultural documentation – the physical matter of which the item was composed may in fact continue to exist. An instance of E6 Destruction may be contiguous with an instance of E12 Production that brings into existence a derived object composed partly of matter from the destroyed object.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P93_took_out_of_existenceop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P13i_was_destroyed_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E6_Destructionc

was destroyed byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P13i_was_destroyed_by
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P93i_was_taken_out_of_existence_byop
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E6_Destructionc

joinedop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P143_joined
Description This property identifies the instance of E39 Actor that becomes member of an instance of E74 Group in an instance of E85 Joining. Joining events allow for describing people becoming members of a group with the more detailed path E74 Group, P144i gained member by, E85 Joining, P143 joined, E39 Actor, compared to the shortcut offered by P107 has current or former member (is current or former member of).
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11_had_participantop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P143i_was_joined_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E85_Joiningc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc

was joined byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P143i_was_joined_by
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11i_participated_inop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E85_Joiningc

joined withop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P144_joined_with
Description This property identifies the instance of E74 Group of which an instance of E39 Actor becomes a member through an instance of E85 Joining. Although a joining activity normally concerns only one instance of E74 Group, it is possible to imagine circumstances under which becoming member of one Group implies becoming member of another Group as well. Joining events allow for describing people becoming members of a group with a more detailed path from E74 Group through, P144i gained member by, E85 Joining, P143 joined, E39 Actor, compared to the shortcut offered by P107 has current or former member (is current or former member of). The property P144.1 kind of member can be used to specify the type of membership or the role the member has in the group.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11_had_participantop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P144i_gained_member_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E85_Joiningc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E74_Groupc

gained member byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P144i_gained_member_by
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11i_participated_inop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E74_Groupc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E85_Joiningc

separatedop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P145_separated
Description This property identifies the instance of E39 Actor that leaves an instance of E74 Group through an instance of E86 Leaving.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11_had_participantop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P145i_left_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E86_Leavingc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc

left byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P145i_left_by
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11i_participated_inop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E86_Leavingc

separated fromop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P146_separated_from
Description This property identifies the instance of E74 Group an instance of E39 Actor leaves through an instance of E86 Leaving. Although a leaving activity normally concerns only one instance of E74 Group, it is possible to imagine circumstances under which leaving one E74 Group implies leaving another E74 Group as well.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11_had_participantop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P146i_lost_member_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E86_Leavingc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E74_Groupc

lost member byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P146i_lost_member_by
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11i_participated_inop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E74_Groupc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E86_Leavingc

has componentop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P148_has_component
Description This property associates an instance of E89 Propositional Object with a structural part of it that is by itself an instance of E89 Propositional Object. This property is transitive.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P148i_is_component_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E89_Propositional_Objectc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E89_Propositional_Objectc

is component ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P148i_is_component_of
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E89_Propositional_Objectc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E89_Propositional_Objectc

carried out byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P14_carried_out_by
Description This property describes the active participation of an instance of E39 Actor in an instance of E7 Activity. It implies causal or legal responsibility. The P14.1 in the role of property of the property specifies the nature of an Actor’s participation.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11_had_participantop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P14i_performedop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc

performedop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P14i_performed
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11i_participated_inop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc

defines typical parts ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P150_defines_typical_parts_of
Description This property associates an instance of E55 Type “A” with an instance of E55 Type “B”, when items of type “A” typically form part of items of type “B”, such as “car motors” and “cars”. It allows types to be organised into hierarchies based on one type describing a typical part of another. This property is equivalent to "broader term partitive (BTP)" as defined in ISO 2788 and “broaderPartitive” in SKOS. This property is not transitive.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P150i_defines_typical_wholes_forop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec

defines typical wholes forop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P150i_defines_typical_wholes_for
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec

was formed fromop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P151_was_formed_from
Description This property associates an instance of E66 Formation with an instance of E74 Group from which the new group was formed preserving a sense of continuity such as in mission, membership or tradition.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11_had_participantop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P151i_participated_inop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E66_Formationc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E74_Groupc

participated inop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P151i_participated_in
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11i_participated_inop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E74_Groupc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E66_Formationc

has parentop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P152_has_parent
Description This property associates an instance of E21 Person with another instance of E21 Person who plays the role of the first instance’s parent, regardless of whether the relationship is biological parenthood, assumed or pretended biological parenthood or an equivalent legal status of rights and obligations obtained by a social or legal act. This property is, among others, a shortcut of the fully developed paths from E21 Person through P98i was born, E67 Birth, P96 by mother to E21 Person, and from E21 Person through P98i was born, E67 Birth, P97 from father to E21 Person. This property is not transitive.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P152i_is_parent_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E21_Personc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E21_Personc

is parent ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P152i_is_parent_of
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E21_Personc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E21_Personc

starts before or with the end ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P173_starts_before_or_with_the_end_of
Description This property specifies that the temporal extent of the domain instance A of E2 Temporal Entity starts before or simultaneously with the end of the temporal extent of the range instance B of E2 Temporal Entity. In other words, if A = [A-start, A-end] and B = [B-start, B-end], we mean A-start ≤ B-end is true. This property is part of the set of temporal primitives P173 – P176, P182 – P185. This property corresponds to the disjunction (logical OR) of the following Allen temporal relations (Allen, 1983): {before, meets, met-by, overlaps, starts, started-by, contains, finishes, finished-by, equals, during, overlapped by}. Figure 8: Temporal entity A starts before or with the end of temporal entity B. Here A is longer than B Figure 9: Temporal entity A starts before or with the end of temporal entity B. Here A is shorter than B
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P173i_ends_after_or_with_the_start_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc

ends after or with the start ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P173i_ends_after_or_with_the_start_of
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc

starts before the end ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P174_starts_before_the_end_of
Description This property specifies that the temporal extent of the domain instance A of E2 Temporal Entity starts definitely before the end of the temporal extent of the range instance B of E2 Temporal Entity. In other words, if A = [A-start, A-end] and B = [B-start, B-end], we mean A-start < B-end is true. This property is part of the set of temporal primitives P173 – P176, P182 – P185. This property corresponds to a disjunction (logical OR) of the following Allen temporal relations (Allen, 1983): {before, meets, overlaps, starts, started-by, contains, finishes, finished-by, equals, during, overlapped by} Typically, this property is a consequence of a known influence of some event on another event or activity, such as a novel written by someone being continued by someone else, or the knowledge of a defeat on a distant battlefield causing people to end their ongoing activities. This property is not transitive. Figure 10: Temporal entity A starts before the end of temporal entity B. Here A is longer than B Figure 11: Temporal entity A starts before the end of temporal entity B. Here A is shorter than B
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P173_starts_before_or_with_the_end_ofop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P174i_ends_after_the_start_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc

ends after the start ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P174i_ends_after_the_start_of
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P173i_ends_after_or_with_the_start_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc

starts before or with the start ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P175_starts_before_or_with_the_start_of
Description This property specifies that the temporal extent of the domain instance A of E2 Temporal Entity starts before or simultaneously with the start of the temporal extent of the range instance B of E2 Temporal Entity. In other words, if A = [A-start, A-end] and B = [B-start, B-end], we mean A-start ≤ B-start is true. This property is part of the set of temporal primitives P173 – P176, P182 – P185. This property corresponds to a disjunction (logical OR) of the following Allen temporal relations (Allen, 1983): {before, meets, overlaps, starts, started-by, contains, finished-by, equals} In a model with fuzzy borders, this property will not be transitive. Figure 12: Temporal entity A starts before or with the start of temporal entity B. Here A is longer than B Figure 13: Temporal entity A starts before or with the start of temporal entity B. Here A is shorter than B
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P174_starts_before_the_end_ofop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P175i_starts_after_or_with_the_start_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc

starts after or with the start ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P175i_starts_after_or_with_the_start_of
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P174i_ends_after_the_start_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc

starts before the start ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P176_starts_before_the_start_of
Description This property specifies that the temporal extent of the domain instance A of E2 Temporal Entity starts definitely before the start of the temporal extent of the range instance B of E2 Temporal Entity. In other words, if A = [A-start, A-end] and B = [B-start, B-end], we mean A-start < B-start is true. This property is part of the set of temporal primitives P173 – P176, P182 – P185. This property corresponds to a disjunction (logical OR) of the following Allen temporal relations (Allen, 1983): {before, meets, overlaps, contains, finished-by}. This property is transitive. Figure 14: Temporal entity A starts before the start of temporal entity B. Here A is longer than B Figure 15: Temporal entity A starts before the start of temporal entity B. Here A is shorter than B
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P175_starts_before_or_with_the_start_ofop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P176i_starts_after_the_start_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc

starts after the start ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P176i_starts_after_the_start_of
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P175i_starts_after_or_with_the_start_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc

ends before or with the start ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P182_ends_before_or_with_the_start_of
Description This property specifies that the temporal extent of the domain instance A of E2 Temporal Entity ends before or simultaneously with the start of the temporal extent of the range instance B of E2 Temporal Entity. In other words, if A = [A-start, A-end] and B = [B-start, B-end], we mean A-end ≤ B-start is true. This property is part of the set of temporal primitives P173 – P176, P182 – P185. This property corresponds to a disjunction (logical OR) of the following Allen temporal relations (Allen, 1983): {before, meets}. Figure 16: Temporal entity A ends before or with the start of temporal entity B. Here A is longer than B Figure 17: Temporal entity A ends before or with the start of temporal entity B. Here A is shorter than B
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P185_ends_before_the_end_ofop http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P176_starts_before_the_start_ofop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P182i_starts_after_or_with_the_end_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc

starts after or with the end ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P182i_starts_after_or_with_the_end_of
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P185i_ends_after_the_end_ofop http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P176i_starts_after_the_start_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc

ends before the start ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P183_ends_before_the_start_of
Description This property specifies that the temporal extent of the domain instance A of E2 Temporal Entity ends definitely before the start of the temporal extent of the range instance B of E2 Temporal Entity. In other words, if A = [A-start, A-end] and B = [B-start, B-end], we mean A-end < B-start is true. This property is part of the set of temporal primitives P173 – P176, P182 – P185. This property corresponds to the following Allen temporal relation (Allen, 1983) : {before}. This property is transitive. Figure 18: Temporal entity A ends before the start of temporal entity B. Here A is longer than B Figure 19: Temporal entity A ends before the start of temporal entity B. Here A is shorter than B
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P182_ends_before_or_with_the_start_ofop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P183i_starts_after_the_end_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc

starts after the end ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P183i_starts_after_the_end_of
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P182i_starts_after_or_with_the_end_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc

ends before or with the end ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P184_ends_before_or_with_the_end_of
Description This property specifies that the temporal extent of the domain instance A of E2 Temporal Entity ends before or simultaneously with the end of the temporal extent of the range instance B of E2 Temporal Entity. In other words, if A = [A-start, A-end] and B = [B-start, B-end], we mean A-end ≤ B-end is true. This property is part of the set of temporal primitives P173 – P176, P182 – P185. This property corresponds to a disjunction (logical OR) of the following Allen temporal relations (Allen, 1983): {before, meets, overlaps, finished by, start, equals, during, finishes}. Figure 20: Temporal entity A ends before or with the end of temporal entity B. Here A is longer than B Figure 21: Temporal entity A ends before or with the end of temporal entity B. Here A is shorter than B
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P174_starts_before_the_end_ofop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P184i_ends_with_or_after_the_end_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc

ends with or after the end ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P184i_ends_with_or_after_the_end_of
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P174i_ends_after_the_start_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc

ends before the end ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P185_ends_before_the_end_of
Description This property specifies that the temporal extent of the domain instance A of E2 Temporal Entity ends definitely before the end of the temporal extent of the range instance B of E2 Temporal Entity. In other words, if A = [A-start, A-end] and B = [B-start, B-end], we mean A-end < B-end is true. This property is part of the set of temporal primitives P173 – P176, P182 – P185. This property corresponds to a disjunction (logical OR) of the following Allen temporal relations (Allen, 1983): {before, meets, overlaps, starts, during}. This property is transitive. Figure 22: Temporal entity A ends before the end of temporal entity B. Here A is longer than B Figure 23: Temporal entity A ends before the end of temporal entity B. Here A is shorter than B
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P184_ends_before_or_with_the_end_ofop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P185i_ends_after_the_end_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc

ends after the end ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P185i_ends_after_the_end_of
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P184i_ends_with_or_after_the_end_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc

is produced byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P186i_is_produced_by
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E12_Productionc

is production tool forop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P188i_is_production_tool_for

approximatesop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P189_approximates
Description This property associates an instance of E53 Place with another instance of E53 Place, which is defined in the same reference space, and which is used to approximate the former. The property does not necessarily state the quality or accuracy of this approximation, but rather indicates the use of the first instance of place to approximate the second. In common documentation practice, find or encounter spots e.g., in archaeology, botany or zoology are often related to the closest village, river or other named place without detailing the relation, e.g., if it is located within the village or in a certain distance of the specified place. In this case the stated “phenomenal” place found in the documentation can be seen as approximation of the actual encounter spot without more specific knowledge. In more recent documentation often point coordinate information is provided that originates from GPS measurements or georeferencing from a map. This point coordinate information does not state the actual place of the encounter spot but tries to approximate it with a “declarative” place. The accuracy depends on the methodology used when creating the coordinates. It may be dependent on technical limitations like GPS accuracy but also on the method where the GPS location is taken in relation to the measured feature. If the methodology is known a maximum deviation from the measured point can be calculated and the encounter spot or feature may be related to the resulting circle using an instance of P171 at some place within. This property is not transitive.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P189i_is_approximated_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec

is approximated byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P189i_is_approximated_by
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec

was intended use ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P19_was_intended_use_of
Description This property relates an instance of E7 Activity with instances of E71 Human-Made Thing, created specifically for use in the activity. This is distinct from the intended use of an item in some general type of activity such as the book of common prayer which was intended for use in Church of England services (see P101 had as general use (was use of)).
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P19i_was_made_forop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E71_Human-Made_Thingc

was made forop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P19i_was_made_for
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E71_Human-Made_Thingc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc

had specific purposeop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P20_had_specific_purpose
Description This property identifies the relationship between a preparatory activity, an instance of E7 Activity and the instance of E7 Event it is intended to be preparation for. This includes activities, orders and other organisational actions, taken in preparation for other activities or events. P20 had specific purpose (was purpose of) implies that an activity succeeded in achieving its aim. If it does not succeed, such as the setting of a trap that did not catch anything, one may document the unrealized intention using P21 had general purpose (was purpose of): E55 Type and/or P33 used specific technique (was used by): E29 Design or Procedure.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P20i_was_purpose_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E5_Eventc

was purpose ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P20i_was_purpose_of
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E5_Eventc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc

had general purposeop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P21_had_general_purpose
Description This property describes an intentional relationship between an instance of E7 Activity and some general goal or purpose, described as an instance of E55 Type. This may involve activities intended as preparation for some type of activity or event. P21 had general purpose (was purpose of) differs from P20 had specific purpose (was purpose of) in that no occurrence of an event is implied as the purpose.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P21i_was_purpose_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec

was purpose ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P21i_was_purpose_of
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc

transferred title toop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P22_transferred_title_to
Description This property identifies the instance of E39 Actor that acquires the legal ownership of an object as a result of an instance of E8 Acquisition. The property will typically describe an Actor purchasing or otherwise acquiring an object from another Actor. However, title may also be acquired, without any corresponding loss of title by another Actor, through legal fieldwork such as hunting, shooting or fishing. In reality the title is either transferred to or from someone, or both.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P14_carried_out_byop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P22i_acquired_title_throughop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E8_Acquisitionc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc

acquired title throughop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P22i_acquired_title_through
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P14i_performedop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E8_Acquisitionc

transferred title fromop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P23_transferred_title_from
Description This property identifies the instance(s) of E39 Actor who relinquish legal ownership as the result of an instance of E8 Acquisition. The property will typically be used to describe a person donating or selling an object to a museum. In reality title is either transferred to or from someone, or both.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P14_carried_out_byop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P23i_surrendered_title_throughop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E8_Acquisitionc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc

surrendered title throughop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P23i_surrendered_title_through
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P14i_performedop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E8_Acquisitionc

movedop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P25_moved
Description This property identifies an instance of E19 Physical Object that was moved by an instance of E9 Move. A move must concern at least one object. The property implies the object’s passive participation. For example, Monet’s painting “Impression sunrise” was moved for the first Impressionist exhibition in 1874.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12_occurred_in_the_presence_ofop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P25i_moved_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E9_Movec

moved byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P25i_moved_by
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12i_was_present_atop
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E9_Movec

moved toop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P26_moved_to
Description This property identifies a destination, an instance of E53 place, of an instance of E9 Move. A move will be linked to a destination, such as the move of an artifact from storage to display. A move may be linked to many terminal instances of E53 Place by multiple instances of this property. In this case the move describes a distribution of a set of objects. The area of the move includes the origin(s), route and destination(s). Therefore, the described destination is an instance of E53 Place which P89 falls within (contains) the instance of E53 Place the move P7 took place at.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P26i_was_destination_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E9_Movec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec

was destination ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P26i_was_destination_of
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E9_Movec

moved fromop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P27_moved_from
Description This property identifies an origin, an instance of E53 Place, of an instance of E9 Move. A move will be linked to an origin, such as the move of an artifact from storage to display. A move may be linked to many starting instances of E53 Place by multiple instances of this property. In this case the move describes the picking up of a set of objects. The area of the move includes the origin(s), route and destination(s). Therefore, the described origin is an instance of E53 Place which P89 falls within (contains) the instance of E53 Place the move P7 took place at.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P27i_was_origin_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E9_Movec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec

was origin ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P27i_was_origin_of
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E9_Movec

custody surrendered byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P28_custody_surrendered_by
Description This property identifies the instance(s) of E39 Actor who surrender custody of an instance of E18 Physical Thing in an instance of E10 Transfer of Custody. The property will typically describe an Actor surrendering custody of an object when it is handed over to someone else’s care. On occasion, physical custody may be surrendered involuntarily – through accident, loss or theft. In reality, custody is either transferred to someone or from someone, or both.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P14_carried_out_byop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P28i_surrendered_custody_throughop
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc

surrendered custody throughop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P28i_surrendered_custody_through
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P14i_performedop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc

custody received byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P29_custody_received_by
Description This property identifies the instance(s) E39 Actor who receive custody of an instance of E18 Physical Thing in an instance of E10 Transfer of Custody. The property will typically describe Actors receiving custody of an object when it is handed over from another Actor’s care. On occasion, physical custody may be received involuntarily or illegally – through accident, unsolicited donation, or theft. In reality, custody is either transferred to someone or from someone, or both.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P14_carried_out_byop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P29i_received_custody_throughop
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc

received custody throughop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P29i_received_custody_through
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P14i_performedop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc

has typeop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P2_has_type
Description This property allows sub typing of CIDOC CRM entities –a form of specialisation – through the use of a terminological hierarchy, or thesaurus. The CIDOC CRM is intended to focus on the high-level entities and relationships needed to describe data structures. Consequently, it does not specialise entities any further than is required for this immediate purpose. However, entities in the isA hierarchy of the CIDOC CRM may by specialised into any number of sub entities, which can be defined in the E55 Type hierarchy. E41 Appellation, for example, may be specialised into “e-mail address”, “telephone number”, “post office box”, “URL” etc. none of which figures explicitly in the CIDOC CRM hierarchy. A comprehensive explanation about refining CIDOC CRM concepts by E55 Type is given in the section “About Types” in the section on “Specific Modelling Constructs” of this document. This property is a shortcut for the path from E1 CRM Entity through P41i was classified by, E17 Type Assignment, P42 assigned to E55 Type.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P2i_is_type_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E1_CRM_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec

is type ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P2i_is_type_of
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E1_CRM_Entityc

has modifiedop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P31_has_modified
Description This property identifies the instance of E18 Physical Thing modified in an instance of E11 Modification.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12_occurred_in_the_presence_ofop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P31i_was_modified_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E11_Modificationc

was modified byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P31i_was_modified_by
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12i_was_present_atop
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E11_Modificationc

used general techniqueop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P32_used_general_technique
Description This property identifies the technique or method, modelled as an instance of E55 Type, that was employed in an instance of E7 Activity. These techniques should be drawn from an external E55 Type hierarchy of consistent terminology of general techniques or methods such as embroidery, oil-painting, carbon dating, etc. Specific documented techniques should be described as instances of E29 Design or Procedure.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P125_used_object_of_typeop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P32i_was_technique_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec

was technique ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P32i_was_technique_of
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P125i_was_type_of_object_used_inop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E55_Typec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E7_Activityc

consists ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P45_consists_of
Description This property identifies the instances of E57 Materials of which an instance of E18 Physical Thing is composed. All physical things consist of physical materials. P45 consists of (is incorporated in) allows the different materials to be recorded. P45 consists of (is incorporated in) refers here to observed material as opposed to the consumed raw material. A material, such as a theoretical alloy, may not have any physical instances.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P45i_is_incorporated_inop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E57_Materialc

is incorporated inop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P45i_is_incorporated_in
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E57_Materialc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc

is composed ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P46_is_composed_of
Description This property associates an instance of E18 Physical Thing with another instance of Physical Thing that forms part of it. The spatial extent of the composing part is included in the spatial extent of the whole. Component elements, since they are themselves instances of E18 Physical Thing, may be further analysed into sub-components, thereby creating a hierarchy of part decomposition. An instance of E18 Physical Thing may be shared between multiple wholes, for example two buildings may share a common wall. This property does not specify when and for how long a component element resided in the respective whole. If a component is not part of a whole from the beginning of existence or until the end of existence of the whole, the classes E79 Part Addition and E90 Part Removal can be used to document when a component became part of a particular whole and/or when it stopped being a part of it. For the time-span of being part of the respective whole, the component is completely contained in the place the whole occupies. This property is intended to describe specific components that are individually documented, rather than general aspects. Overall descriptions of the structure of an instance of E18 Physical Thing are captured by the P3 has note property. The instances of E57 Material of which an instance of E18 Physical Thing is composed should be documented using P45 consists of (is incorporated in). This property is transitive and non-reflexive
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E71_Human-Made_Thingc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E71_Human-Made_Thingc

has former or current keeperop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P49_has_former_or_current_keeper
Description This property identifies the instance of E39 Actor who has or has had custody of an instance of E18 Physical Thing at some time. This property leaves open the question if parts of this physical thing have been added or removed during the time-spans it has been under the custody of this actor, but it is required that at least a part which can unambiguously be identified as representing the whole has been under this custody for its whole time. The way, in which a representative part is defined, should ensure that it is unambiguous who keeps a part and who the whole and should be consistent with the identity criteria of the kept instance of E18 Physical Thing. The distinction with P50 has current keeper (is current keeper of) is that P49 has former or current keeper (is former or current keeper of) leaves open the question as to whether the specified keepers are current. This property is a shortcut for the more detailed path from E18 Physical Thing through P30i custody transferred through, E10 Transfer of Custody, P28 custody surrendered by or P29 custody received by to E39 Actor.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P49i_is_former_or_current_keeper_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc

is former or current keeper ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P49i_is_former_or_current_keeper_of
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc

has current keeperop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P50_has_current_keeper
Description This property identifies the instance of E39 Actor that had custody of an instance of E18 Physical Thing at the time of validity of the record or database containing the statement that uses this property. This property is a shortcut for the more detailed path from E18 Physical Thing through, P30i custody transferred through, E10 Transfer of Custody, P29 custody received by to E39 Actor, if and only if the custody has not been surrendered by the receiving actor at any later time
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P49_has_former_or_current_keeperop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P50i_is_current_keeper_ofop
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc

is current keeper ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P50i_is_current_keeper_of
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P49i_is_former_or_current_keeper_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc

has former or current ownerop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P51_has_former_or_current_owner
Description This property identifies an instance of E39 Actor that is or had been the legal owner (i.e., title holder) of an instance of E18 Physical Thing at some time. The distinction with P52 has current owner (is current owner of) is that P51 has former or current owner (is former or current owner of) does not indicate whether the specified owners are current. This property is a shortcut for the more detailed path from E18 Physical Thing through P24i changed ownership through, E8 Acquisition, P23 transferred title from, or P22 transferred title to to E39 Actor.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P51i_is_former_or_current_owner_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc

is former or current owner ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P51i_is_former_or_current_owner_of
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc

has former or current locationop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P53_has_former_or_current_location
Description This property identifies an instance of E53 Place as the former or current location of an instance of E18 Physical Thing. In the case of instances of E19 Physical Object, the property does not allow any indication of the Time-Span during which the instance of E19 Physical Object was located at this instance of E53 Place, nor if this is the current location. In the case of immobile objects, the Place would normally correspond to the Place of creation. This property is a shortcut. A more detailed representation can make use of the fully developed (i.e., indirect) path from E19 Physical Object, though, P25i moved by, E9 Move, P26 moved to or P27 moved from to E53 Place.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P53i_is_former_or_current_location_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec

is former or current location ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P53i_is_former_or_current_location_of
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc

has current permanent locationop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P54_has_current_permanent_location
Description This property records the foreseen permanent location of an instance of E19 Physical Object at the time of validity of the record or database containing the statement that uses this property. P54 has current permanent location (is current permanent location of) is similar to P55 has current location (currently holds). However, it indicates the E53 Place currently reserved for an object, such as the permanent storage location or a permanent exhibit location. The object may be temporarily removed from the permanent location, for example when used in temporary exhibitions or loaned to another institution. The object may never actually be located at its permanent location.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P54i_is_current_permanent_location_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec

is current permanent location ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P54i_is_current_permanent_location_of
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc

has current locationop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P55_has_current_location
Description This property records the location of an instance of E19 Physical Object at the time of validity of the record or database containing the statement that uses this property. This property is a specialisation of P53 has former or current location (is former or current location of). It indicates that the instance of E53 Place associated with the instance of E19 Physical Object is the current location of the object. The property does not allow any indication of how long the object has been at the current location. This property is a shortcut. A more detailed representation can make use of the fully developed (i.e., indirect) path from E19 Physical Object, through, P25i moved by, E9 Move, P26 moved to to E53 Place if and only if this Move is the most recent.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P53_has_former_or_current_locationop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P55i_currently_holdsop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec

currently holdsop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P55i_currently_holds
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P53i_is_former_or_current_location_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc

has current or former residenceop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P74_has_current_or_former_residence
Description This property describes the current or former place of residence (an instance of E53 Place) of an instance of E39 Actor. The residence may be either the place where the actor resides, or a legally registered address of any kind.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P74i_is_current_or_former_residence_ofop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec

is current or former residence ofop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P74i_is_current_or_former_residence_of
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc

possessesop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P75_possesses
Description This property associates an instance of E39 Actor to an instance of E30 Right over which the actor holds or has held a legal claim.
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E30_Rightc

falls withinop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P89_falls_within
Description This property identifies an instance of E53 Place that falls wholly within the extent of another instance of E53 Place. It addresses spatial containment only and does not imply any relationship between things or phenomena occupying these places. This property is transitive and reflexive.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P89i_containsop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec

containsop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P89i_contains
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E53_Placec

brought into existenceop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P92_brought_into_existence
Description This property links an instance of E63 Beginning of Existence to the instance of E77 Persistent Item brought into existence by it. It allows a “start” to be attached to any instance of E77 Persistent Item being documented, i.e., as instances of E70 Thing, E72 Legal Object, E39 Actor, E41 Appellation and E55 Type.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12_occurred_in_the_presence_ofop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P92i_was_brought_into_existence_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E63_Beginning_of_Existencec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E77_Persistent_Itemc

was brought into existence byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P92i_was_brought_into_existence_by
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12i_was_present_atop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E77_Persistent_Itemc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E63_Beginning_of_Existencec

took out of existenceop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P93_took_out_of_existence
Description This property links an instance of E64 End of Existence to the instance of E77 Persistent Item taken out of existence by it. In the case of immaterial things, the instance of E64 End of Existence is considered to take place with the destruction of the last physical carrier. This allows an “end” to be attached to any instance of E77 Persistent Item being documented i.e., instances of E70 Thing, E72 Legal Object, E39 Actor, E41 Appellation and E55 Type. For many instances of E77 Persistent Item we know the maximum life-span and can infer, that they must have ended to exist. We assume in that case an instance of E64 End of Existence, which may be as unnoticeable as forgetting the secret knowledge by the last representative of some indigenous nation.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12_occurred_in_the_presence_ofop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P93i_was_taken_out_of_existence_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E64_End_of_Existencec
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E77_Persistent_Itemc

was taken out of existence byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P93i_was_taken_out_of_existence_by
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12i_was_present_atop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E77_Persistent_Itemc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E64_End_of_Existencec

has createdop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P94_has_created
Description This property links an instance of E65 Creation to the instance of E28 Conceptual Object created by it. It represents the act of conceiving the intellectual content of the instance of E28 Conceptual Object. It does not represent the act of creating the first physical carrier of the instance of E28 Conceptual Object. As an example, this is the composition of a poem, not its commitment to paper.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P92_brought_into_existenceop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P94i_was_created_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E65_Creationc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E28_Conceptual_Objectc

was created byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P94i_was_created_by
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P92i_was_brought_into_existence_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E28_Conceptual_Objectc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E65_Creationc

has formedop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P95_has_formed
Description This property associates the instance of E66 Formation with the instance of E74 Group that it founded.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P92_brought_into_existenceop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P95i_was_formed_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E66_Formationc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E74_Groupc

was formed byop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P95i_was_formed_by
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P92i_was_brought_into_existence_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E74_Groupc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E66_Formationc

by motherop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P96_by_mother
Description This property links an instance of E67 Birth to an instance of E21 Person in the role of birth-giving mother. Note that biological fathers are not necessarily participants in the Birth (see P97 from father (was father for)). The instance of P21 Person being born is linked to the instance of E67 Birth with the property P98 brought into life (was born). This is not intended for use with general natural history material, only people. There is no explicit method for modelling conception and gestation except by using extensions.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11_had_participantop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P96i_gave_birthop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E67_Birthc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E21_Personc

gave birthop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P96i_gave_birth
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11i_participated_inop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E21_Personc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E67_Birthc

from fatherop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P97_from_father
Description This property links an instance of E67 Birth to an instance of E21 Person in the role of biological father. Note that biological fathers are not seen as necessary participants in the birth, whereas birth-giving mothers are (see P96 by mother (gave birth)). The Person being born is linked to the Birth with the property P98 brought into life (was born). This is not intended for use with general natural history material, only people. There is no explicit method for modelling conception and gestation except by using extensions. An instance of E67 Birth is normally (but not always) associated with one biological father.
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P97i_was_father_forop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E67_Birthc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E21_Personc

was father forop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P97i_was_father_for
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E21_Personc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E67_Birthc

诞生了op

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P98_brought_into_life
Description This property links an instance of E67 Birth event to an instance of E21 Person in the role of offspring. Twins, triplets etc. are brought into life by the same instance of E67 Birth. This is not intended for use with general Natural History material, only people. There is no explicit method for modelling conception and gestation except by using extensions.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P92_brought_into_existenceop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P98i_was_bornop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E67_Birthc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E21_Personc

was bornop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P98i_was_born
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P92i_was_brought_into_existence_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E21_Personc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E67_Birthc

dissolvedop

URI http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P99_dissolved
Description This property associates the instance of E68 Dissolution with the instance of E74 Group that it disbanded.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P11_had_participantop http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P93_took_out_of_existenceop
Inverse properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P99i_was_dissolved_byop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E68_Dissolutionc
Range(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E74_Groupc

knowsop

URI http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/knows
Domain(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc
Range(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc

addressop

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/address
Description connects an agent or a physical object to its address.
Inverse properties transraz:isAddressOfop
Domain(s) (http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E22_Human-Made_Objectc or http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E39_Actorc)
Range(s) transraz:Addressc

birth dateop

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/birthDate
Description connects a person with the time instant
Domain(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc
Range(s) http://www.w3.org/2006/time#Instantc

branchop

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/branch
Description Connects a company or organisation to the branch or industry it works in
Inverse properties transraz:isBranchOfop
Domain(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Organizationc
Range(s) transraz:Branchc

building composed ofop

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/buildingComposedOf
Description connects a building to a building part that forms it.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P46_is_composed_ofop
Domain(s) transraz:Buildingc
Range(s) transraz:BuildingPartc

building composed ofop

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/buildingpartComposedOf
Description connects a building part to another building part it that forms part of it.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P46_is_composed_ofop
Domain(s) transraz:BuildingPartc
Range(s) transraz:BuildingPartc

change occupation fromop

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/changeOccupationFrom
Description connects an event with the previous occupation of a person
Inverse properties transraz:previousOccupationop
Domain(s) transraz:OcupationalChangec
Range(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Professionc

change occupation toop

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/changeOccupationTo
Description connects an event with a current occupation of a person
Domain(s) transraz:OcupationalChangec
Range(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Professionc

changedOccupationop

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/changedOccupation
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P12i_was_present_atop
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E21_Personc
Range(s) transraz:OcupationalChangec

city part composed ofop

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/citypartComposedOf
Description connects a city parts to its constituent.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P46_is_composed_ofop
Domain(s) transraz:CityPartc
Range(s) transraz:Buildingc transraz:CityPartc transraz:LandPlotc

deathDateop

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/deathDate
Domain(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc
Range(s) http://www.w3.org/2006/time#Instantc

durationop

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/duration
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.w3.org/2006/time#TemporalDurationc

isAddressOfop

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/isAddressOf

isBranchOfop

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/isBranchOf

landplot composed ofop

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/landplotComposedOf
Description connects a landplot to a building that is a part of a landplot.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P46_is_composed_ofop
Domain(s) transraz:LandPlotc
Range(s) transraz:Buildingc

previousOccupationop

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/previousOccupation

roof composed ofop

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/roofComposedOf
Description connects a roof to its part.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P46_is_composed_ofop
Domain(s) transraz:Roofc
Range(s) transraz:RoofPartc

street composed ofop

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/streetComposedOf
Description connects a street to a landplot or a building that forms it.
Super-properties http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/P46_is_composed_ofop
Domain(s) transraz:Streetc
Range(s) transraz:Buildingc transraz:LandPlotc

timeop

URI https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/time
Domain(s) http://www.cidoc-crm.org/cidoc-crm/E2_Temporal_Entityc
Range(s) http://www.w3.org/2006/time#TemporalEntityc

Datatype Properties

titledp

URI http://purl.org/dc/terms/title
Domain(s) http://purl.org/vocab/frbr/core#Endeavourc
Range(s) rdfs:Literalc

familyNamedp

URI http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/familyName
Super-properties owl:topDataProperty
Domain(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc
Range(s) rdfs:Literalc

givenNamedp

URI http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/givenName
Super-properties owl:topDataProperty
Domain(s) https://dbpedia.org/ontology/Personc
Range(s) rdfs:Literalc

Namespaces

owl
http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#
prov
http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#
rdf
http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#
rdfs
http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#
sdo
https://schema.org/
skos
http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#
transraz
https://ise-fizkarlsruhe.github.io/Transraz/datamodel/
xsd
http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#

Legend

cClasses
opObject Properties
fpFunctional Properties
dpData Properties
dpAnnotation Properties
pProperties

Modeling Examples with Instances

Modeling Example with Instances of Architectural Objects

Architectural Objects

Modeling Example with Person Instances

Person Modeling

Modeling Example with Instances of Document Annotations

Architectural Objects

FIZ Karlsruhe and KIT (AIFB)